Victoria Falls is located in the middle of Zambezi River at the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. It is about 1,700 meters in length and the height varies between 80 and 108 meters depending on the season.
The name for the waterfalls originally was, “Mosi-oa-Tunya”, which translates to “The Smoke That Thunders”. It’s an apt description for natural wonders, and it was given the name by the Kololo tribe that lived in the area in the 1800s. The waterfalls were eventually named after Queen Victoria of Great Britain by David Livingstone a Scottish missionary.
David Livingstone was the first white man to see Victoria Falls on the 17th November 1855 but definitely locals have been living around the waterfalls for years.
The local African tribes had a sacred fear of Victoria Falls and were afraid to approach it. It is believed that humans have been living around the waterfalls continuously for about two million years.
The Zimbabwean side of the falls, give the best view when looking at the waterfalls, you will also find the Victoria Falls Rainforest. It is home to unique plants and animal life, and is the only place on earth where it rains all day and all night as a result of the water vapour rising from the falls. The Victoria Falls is host to a rare and beautiful sight during a full moon. As the light from the moon bounces off the spray, it creates what is known as a ‘moonbow’ or a ‘lunar rainbow’. It lasts from sunset to sunrise and is considered a striking secret of the falls.
From September to December the flow of the Zambezi lessens and the water levels drop. This is when you can swim to the very edge of Victoria Falls in a naturally formed pool and look down into the gorge below. The pool is formed by a rock wall that curbs the current enough for a swim, and is aptly named Devil’s Pool.
Without the Zambezi River, Victoria Falls simply wouldn’t exist. The falls are part of the Zambezi’s 2,574km stretch and they lie almost exactly halfway along it. The Zambezi River makes its way east from the falls across six countries and then out to the Indian Ocean.
Visitors have to shout to be heard and usually struggle to get a clear view through the clouds of spray which rise 1,300ft into the air and can be seen 30 miles away.
In December 2019, the falls experienced the lowest water level in 25 years
It was listed as part of the 7 wonders of the world.
Read Also; The Pyramid of Giza
(Source: Africa Geography)