The Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt
The Pyramids of Giza and their elaborate burial complexes were built during a frenetic period of construction, from roughly 2550 to 2490 B.C. The pyramids were built by Pharaohs Khufu (tallest), Khafre (background), and Menkaure (front).
There are three pyramids, but the greatest of them was constructed between 2580–2560 BC (4th dynasty) for the Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu (known in Greek as `Cheops’) and was the tallest man-made structure in the world for almost 4,000 years. It is located at Al Haram, Nazlet El-Semman, Al Giza Desert, Giza Governorate, Egypt. The tower is 147 meters tall. Its base is Length of 230.34 meters (756 ft).
The pyramids were built with the sole purpose of enduring eternity, a believe that history has supported over time. A mythological believe that Egyptian Pharaohs become gods in the afterlife was responsible for the project. They believed erecting temples and a massive pyramid tombs for themselves; filled with all the things each ruler would need to guide and sustain himself in the next world was most important.
Hence, Pharaoh Khufu started his great pyramid in about 2550 B.C. which was the largest of the three.
It is 481 feet (147 meters) above the plateau and estimated 2.3 million stone blocks each weigh an average of 2.5 to 15 tons used for construction.
Pharaoh Khafre, Khufu’s son, built the second pyramid at Giza, about 2520 B.C. (He was also believed to have built The Great Sphinx of Giza)
Pharaoh Menkaure built the third and the smallest pyramid about 2490 B.C., which featured a much more complex mortuary temple.
Notable similarities between these pyramids include; a palace, temples, solar boat pits, and other features.