What are the 22 States of Matter?
Matter is anything that has mass and occupy space. There are three classifications of states of matter, they include;
- Classic states
- Modern States
- Solid State: A solid state has definite shape and size, unless it is disturbed
- Liquid State: A most non-compressible fluid, with no fixed shape and size.
- Gas: A compressible fluid, with no fixed shape and size, occupies any space.
- Plasma: free charged particles, capable of self generating magnetic and electric fields.
- Bose-Einstein Condensate: A state in which bosons inhabit the same quantum states, finally becomes one single wave/particle.
- Fermionic Condesate: A state in which pair of fermions behave like bosons and enters quantum state.
- Super-Conductivity: A state of exactly zero electrical resistance and expulsion of magnetic field.
- Superfluid: A state at which cryogenic liquids able to flow without any kind of friction.
- Supersolid: A state at which solid is able to move without any friction but retains a fixed shape.
- Quantum spin Liquid: A disordered state which preserves it’s disorder even at very low temperature.
- Heavy Fermon Materia: A state of specific type of intermetallic compound, containing elements with 4f electron in unfilled orbitals.
- String-net Fluid: A state in which atoms have unstable arrangement like a liquid but has pattern of solid.
- Supercritical Fluid: A state at which the distinction between liquid and gas disappear.
- Jahn-Teller Metal: A state at which solid exhibits nature of insulators but behaves like conductors.
- Dropleton: A state at which quasiparticle behaves like a liquid.
- Time Crystals: A state at which crystals change moment to moment unlike other crystals which remain unchanged in time.
- Excitonium: An exciton is a bound state of an electron and an electron hole which are attracted to each other by Electrostatic force.
- Photonic Matter: A photon behaves as if it has mass. Interacts with each other and forms photonic molecules.
- Degenerate Matter: A high dense state of fermionic matter in which particles must occupy high states of kinetic energy.
- Quantum: A state that gives rise to Hall voltage measured in the direction perpendicular to the current flow.
- Rydberg Polaron: A state of matter which can only exist at ultra-cool temperatures and consist Atoms inside Atoms.
- Quark Gluon Plasma: A state at which quarks can freely move in the sea of gluons.