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What are the 22 States of Matter?

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Matter is anything that has mass and occupy space. There are three classifications of states of matter, they include;

  • Classic states
  • Modern States

what are the states of matter

Classic states

  1. Solid State: A solid state has definite shape and size, unless it is disturbed
  2. Liquid State: A most non-compressible fluid, with no fixed shape and size.
  3. Gas: A compressible fluid, with no fixed shape and size, occupies any space.
  4. Plasma: free charged particles, capable of self generating magnetic and electric fields.

Modern States

  1. Bose-Einstein Condensate: A state in which bosons inhabit the same quantum states, finally becomes one single wave/particle.
  2. Fermionic Condesate: A state in which pair of fermions behave like bosons and enters quantum state.
  3. Super-Conductivity: A state of exactly zero electrical resistance and expulsion of magnetic field.
  4. Superfluid: A state at which cryogenic liquids able to flow without any kind of friction.
  5. Supersolid: A state at which solid is able to move without any friction but retains a fixed shape.
  6. Quantum spin Liquid: A disordered state which preserves it’s disorder even at very low temperature.
  7. Heavy Fermon Materia: A state of specific type of intermetallic compound, containing elements with 4f electron in unfilled orbitals.
  8. String-net Fluid: A state in which atoms have unstable arrangement like a liquid but has pattern of solid.
  9. Supercritical Fluid: A state at which the distinction between liquid and gas disappear.
  10. Jahn-Teller Metal: A state at which solid exhibits nature of insulators but behaves like conductors.
  11. Dropleton: A state at which quasiparticle behaves like a liquid.
  12. Time Crystals: A state at which crystals change moment to moment unlike other crystals which remain unchanged in time.
  13. Excitonium: An exciton is a bound state of an electron and an electron hole which are attracted to each other by Electrostatic force.
  14. Photonic Matter: A photon behaves as if it has mass. Interacts with each other and forms photonic molecules.
  15. Degenerate Matter: A high dense state of fermionic matter in which particles must occupy high states of kinetic energy.
  16. Quantum: A state that gives rise to Hall voltage measured in the direction perpendicular to the current flow.
  17. Rydberg Polaron: A state of matter which can only exist at ultra-cool temperatures and consist Atoms inside Atoms.
  18. Quark Gluon Plasma: A state at which quarks can freely move in the sea of gluons.
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