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How to use “This or That”

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This or That?

*That* is used to point to a thing or person that is far from the speaker. _It is used in a singular context; therefore, *that* goes with singular nouns and verbs_.

*Those* is used to point to things or people that are close to the speaker. _It is used in a plural context; therefore, *those* goes with plural nouns and verbs_.

▪I want *that* bunch (or *those* bunches) of bananas.

▪She owns *that* dress (or *those* dresses).

▪ *That* child plays (or *those* children play) too much.

*This* is used to point to a thing or person that is close to the speaker. _It is used in a singular context; therefore, *this* goes with singular nouns and verbs_.

*These* is used to point to things or people that are close to the speaker. _It is used in a plural context; therefore, *these* goes with plural nouns and verbs_.

▪She brought me *this* book (or *these* books).

▪ *This* rule (or *these* rules) must be obeyed.

▪Can I add *this* (or *these*) to my shopping list?

💡
*This* & *that*
➕ is/was/has
➕singular main verbs (+s)
➕singular nouns

*These* & *those*
➕ are/were/ have
➕plural main verbs (-s)
➕ plural nouns

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